Every continent on Earth is home to creatures that can only be found there and nowhere else. Africa is definitely no exception. And, while we all know that elephants, lions, rhinos and zebras make their homes there, Africa is also home to some really amazing creatures. Below are 5 of what I think are the most amazing.
1. African Civet
The African Civet is the largest of its species and resides in sub-Saharan Africa. It’s an unusual-looking mammal that has a face that’s similar to a raccoon, a long cat-like body and spotted fur. Civets are mostly nocturnal and their diet consists of both small animals and plants. It secretes a musk that, in concentrated form, is incredibly offensive, but was once used in expensive perfumes in diluted form. Perfume companies now use a synthetic form of the musk.
2. Grey Crowned Crane
The Grey Crowned Crane is a large, beautiful bird that lives in the wetlands of Africa. Adults measure around 3.5 feet from head to tail and have a wingspan of 5 to 6 feet. Their diet is very diverse and they will eat insects, amphibians, fish, seeds and grass. They are one of the only two species of cranes who are able to perch due to a long hind toe. They often build nests in trees to avoid predators.
3. Guereza colobus
This monkey species lives in the forests of Africa. They spend all of their time in trees and travel from tree to tree by jumping from branch to branch. They have been known to jump an incredible 50 feet into the air! Like all colobus monkeys, the Guereza has no thumbs, and like cows, they have two stomachs. Their preferred diet is young tree leaves. But, their special stomach also allows them to eat older leaves and foliage that would be otherwise toxic.
The Klipspringer is a small species of antelope that makes its home in rugged terrain. They are the only antelope species that walks on the tips of their hooves. This allows them to have a better grip on smooth rock surfaces. Klipspringers mate for life and are monogamous. They will only change partners if one of them dies.
5. African Wild Dog
Unlike most canid species, the African Wild Dog only has 4 toes. It encompasses a diverse habitat of woodlands, plains, forests, semi desert, mountains and bushy savannahs. Despite their large habitat, these animals are considered endangered. Their endangered status is due to habitat loss, disease, poaching and hunting from lions and hyenas. Lions will kill as many Wild Dogs as they can in order to reduce the competition for food.